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personality types, behavioural styles theories, personality and testing systems – for self-awareness, self-development, motivation, management, and recruitment

Motivation, management, communications, relationships – focused on yourself or others – are a lot more effective when you understand yourself, and the people you seek to motivate or manage or develop or help.

Understanding personality is also the key to unlocking elusive human qualities, for example leadership, charisma, and empathy, whether your purpose is self-development, helping others, or any other field relating to people and how we behave.

The personality theories that underpin personality tests and personality quizzes are surprisingly easy to understand at a basic level. This section seeks to explain many of these personality theories and ideas. This knowledge helps to develop self-awareness and also to help others to achieve greater self-awareness and development too.

Developing understanding of personality typology, personality traits, thinking styles and learning styles theories is also a very useful way to improve your knowledge of motivation and behaviour of self and others, in the workplace and beyond.

Understanding personality types is helpful for appreciating that while people are different, everyone has a value, and special strengths and qualities, and that everyone should be treated with care and respect. The relevance of love and spirituality – especially at work – is easier to see and explain when we understand that differences in people are usually personality-based. People very rarely set out to cause upset – they just behave differently because they are different.

Personality theory and tests are useful also for management, recruitment, selection, training and teaching, on which point see also the learning styles theories on other pages such as Kolb’s learning styles, Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences, and the VAK learning styles model.

Completing personality tests with no knowledge of the supporting theories can be a frustrating and misleading experience – especially if the results from personality testing are not properly explained, or worse still not given at all to the person being tested. Hopefully the explanations and theories below will help dispel much of the mistique surrounding modern personality testing.

There are many different personality and motivational models and theories, and each one offers a different perspective.

If you find these materials helpful please try to contribute something to the self-publishing Space, for example details of another personality model or psychology theory. Here are details about the Space on Businessballs and the philosophy behind it.

The more models you understand, the better your appreciation of motivation and behaviour.

personality models linked to this page

The Four Temperaments/Four Humours

Carl Jung’s Psychological Types

Myers Briggs® personality types theory (MBTI® model)

Keirsey’s personality types theory (Temperament Sorter model)

Hans Eysenck’s personality types theory

Katherine Benziger’s Brain Type theory

William Moulton Marston’s DISC personality theory (Inscape, Thomas Int., etc)

Belbin Team Roles and personality types theory

The ‘Big Five’ Factors personality model

FIRO-B® Personality Assessment model

The Birkman Method®

Other personality theories and psychometrics tests models

For more on this visit the website at this link


© alan chapman, review, explanation, code 2005-2009; other trademarks and concepts and material as shown. Please retain this notice on all copies.


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