Unfreeze-Change-Refreeze or Square-Blob-Star Model of Change
In our last post we described the simple Freeze Phase Model proposed by Lewin. In 1972 J. S Rhoades used a simple three-step “unfreeze-change-refreeze” model to describe the process of the growth and change during outdoor education programs. This apears to have been based on the 3-step change process first described by Kurt Lewin in 1951. It is also described as the square-blob-star model. It basically means going from State A into an unfrozen, unformed or “blob” change, and then reforming in a different pattern, such as a star.
- The first step, “unfreeze” involves the process of letting go of certain restricting attitudes during the initial stages of an outdoor education experience (from the Square).
- The second step, “change” involves alteration of self-conceptions and ways of thinking during the experience. (the Blob)
- The third step, “refreeze” involves solidifying or crystallizing the changes into a new, permanent form for the individual, a process which takes place towards the end of an outdoor education programme ( the Star).
There are techniques for “unfreezing”, managing “transition/change” and “refreezing” and that is what the next series of post will address.